Jacob Ewald and Margaretha Rhein

Jacob Ewald was born in about 1718, the son of Johann Ewald of Gailbach, a district in AschaffenburgBayern, Germany

Jacob married Margaretha Rhein 21 Feb 1757 in the Heimbuchenthal-Oberwintersbach parish in Aschaffenburg, Bayern, Germany. Margaretha was born in about 1728, the daughter of Johann Adam Rhein of Oberwinterbach. 

Jacob and Margaretha were listed as "vagabundierend," or people who moved a lot, at daughter Margaretha's birth in 1765.Jacob was a swineherd, which would have required him to move frequently.

In about 1766, the Ewalds joined a wave of immigration of Germans andothers who had been recruited by the agents of Catherine the Great to settle in Russia. They embarked  upon the pink Slon at Rewal, Gryfice, Poland. The Slon sailed across the Baltic Sea and arrived at Kronstadt, St.Petersburg, Russia on 31 May 1766. "Documents were checked here and customs inspections were carried out. Then, colonists were sent toOranienbaum [now Lomonosov, St. Petersburg, Russia] where a temporary quartering point was established. For this purposewooden barracks built for soldiers from Holstein who were in Russia were engaged. After repairs, in the Opinion of the Chancery ofOversight of Foreigners, they were suitable enough for temporary stay." (List of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg. p. 22; italicized note added by me) 

Jacob and Margaretha arrived in Leichtling, Saratov, Russia on 14 May 1767, where they are listed as some of the original settlers (ages 49 and 39respectively). In Russia, Jacob was a farmer.

Jacob and Margaretha's children are:

  1. Friedrich Ewald, born in about 1755 [sic] or 1758, of Aschaffenburg, Bayern, Germany.
  2. Catherina Ewald, born in about 1759 or 60, of Aschaffenburg, Bayern, Germany.
  3. Dorothea Ewald, born in about 1762, probably in or near Aschaffenburg, Bayern, Germany. She probably died young as she is listed in the Kuhlberg Lists in 1766 but not in the First Settlers List in 1767.
  4. Margareta Ewald, born 15 Jan 1765 in Haibach in Aschaffenburg, Bayern, Germany, married Franz Michael Mehler.
  5. Anna Elisabetha Ewald, born about 1769 in Russia, married Mathias Konrad  in 1793 in Husaren, Frank, Saratov, Russia, living in Husaren in 1798.


Sources: 

  1. Klotz, Matthias (archivinspektor, Stadt- und Stiftsarchiv Aschaffenburg), Re: FF Ewald (email), recieved 29 Sep 2014.
  2. Pleve, Igor R., The Germans on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, Lincoln, NE (Saratov, Russia):  American Historical Society ofGermans from Russia, 2001, p. 416.
  3. Meininger, Dr. Robert (trans.), No. 2841, The 1798 Description of the Saratov Colony of Illavlya also known as Leichtling, No. 122, Lincoln, NE:  American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1996, p. 10.
  4. Pleve, Igor, List of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg, Saratov, Russia:  Saratov State Technical University, 2010, p. 61.
  5. Kholmatov, Bachtiar (trans.), No. 2835, The 1798 Description of the Saratov Colony of Yelshanka also known as Husaren, No. 116, Lincoln, NE:  American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1996, p. 12.



Archival Correspondence

Stadt- und Stiftsarchiv Aschaffenburg

1/15 2014/476 MKl

29. September 2014

 

Dear Mrs. Boyd,

last week I gave your request to the of family research association. Two members answered me, so I can give you the dates:

Jacob Ewald and Margaretha Rhein married on 1757, February, 21st in the parish Heimbuchenthal-Oberwintersbach. Jacob Ewald was the sonof Johann Ewald, he died before 1757 in Gailbach (now a part of Aschaffenburg, belonged in the 18th century to the parish “Unsere Liebe Frau” in Aschaffenburg). I looked up in the matricles ofGailbach and found him: Johann Ewald died in 1743 in Gailbach. He was 83 years old, when he died on 1743, January, 1st.

Margaretha Rhein was the daughter of Johann Adam Rhein, who died before 1757 inOberwintersbach. The daughter Margaretha was born in Haibach on 1765, January, 15th. In this entry they were titled as “vagab.” (= vagabundierend, they moved  very often). Godmother from her wasMargaretha Fuchs, daughter of Franz Fuchs in Haibach.

Jakob Ewald was “subulcus” (Schweinehirt = shepherd for pigs), so they moved very much. He was godfather on 1755, November, 15th, in Mespelbrunn, by Johann Jakob Gruber, son of Stephan Gruber, “opilio”(herdsman of sheep) and Katharina Gruber in Hessenthal.

These information came from Mrs. Jung and Mrs. Stuermer, members of theassociation. Both say, that they couldn’t find more informations in Oberbessenbach, Hösbach and Keilberg.

When you have further questions, you are welcome to ask.

 

Kindly regards

Matthias Klotz

Archivinspektor

Source: Klotz, Matthias (archivinspektor, Stadt- und Stiftsarchiv Aschaffenburg), Re: FF Ewald (email), recieved 29 Sep 2014.



Lists of Colonists to Russia

31 of May 1766.

Public colonist, arrived from Rewal by the pink "Slon"

Under the command of Lieutenant Sergey Panov

Ewald Jacob, Cath., farmer from Mainz, doc. No. 568, wife: Margaretha, children: Friedrich, 8, Catharina, 6, Dorothea, 4, Margaretha, 1,5.


Source:  Pleve, Igor, List of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg, Saratov, Russia:  Saratov State Technical University, 2010, p. 61.

Note: While Aschaffenburg is quite some distance from Mainz (about 47 miles),it was formerly part of the Electorate of Mainz (Kurmainz).



First Settlers List

Colony of Ilavlya, or Leichtling

founded 14 May 1767

29.      Ewald, Jacob, 49, Cath., farmer, from Aschaffenburg

           wife:  Margaretha Rein, 39

           children:  Friedrich, 12, Catharina, 8, Margaretha, 3

           arrived:  14.05.1767

           received from the Office of Oversight in Saratov:  75 rubles in 1768 the household had 2 horses, 1 cow, 

           1 desatinya of plowed land, 4 chetverik of seeded rye.

 

Source:  Pleve, Igor R., The Germans on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, Lincoln, NE (Saratov, Russia):  American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001, p. 416.



1798 Russian Census

No.

Who left the Colony

Year

13.

Elisabetha, daughter of Jakob Ewald, married in Yelshanka [Husaren]

1793

 

Source:  Meininger, Dr. Robert (trans.), No. 2841, The 1798 Description of the Saratov Colony of Illavlya also known as Leichtling,No. 122, Lincoln, NE:  American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1996, p. 10.



Jakob Rockoshewski                     62              Unable to work         He is in Semenovka colony.

Wife:

Barbara Konrad                             54                                                      

Son:

Paul Rockoshewski                         38                Able to work                

Works at the mill for the Kamyshin merchant Gorbunov

Paul's wife:

Magdalena Scheffer [Schäfer]      36                                                      From Kamenka colony

Their daughter:

Christina Rockoshewki                     8

Barbara's children from her deceased husband, Jakob Konrad from Semenovka colony:

Mathias Konrad                                30              Able to work

Mathias' wife:

Anna Elisabetha Evald [Ewald?]    29

Their daughter:

Anna Maria Konrad                         1


Peter Konrad                                     21             Able to work

Anna Maria Konrad                         16                                                          Works in Semenovka colony

3 workers
2 horses

1 cow
4 sheep

3 swine
20 chickens

In autumn 1796 and spring 1797, he planted:

2 chetvert of rye
2 chetvert of wheat

2 chetverik of barley
1 chetvert of oats
1 chetverik of millet

2 chetverik of peas
1 chetvert of potatoes

In 1797, he had a harvest of:
3 chetvert of rye
3 chetvert of wheat

2 chetvert of barley
4 chetvert of oats
1 chetvert of millet

1 chetvert of peas
1 chetvert of potatoes


Source:  Husaren 1798 Census.




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