Citing this biography: Boyd, Michelle, "Caspar Stenger and Martha —," article, Olive and Eliza, last accessed [current date]."
Caspar Stenger married Martha —. The Stengers also appeared as
Stengel and Staiger. They arrived in Russia from Lübeck,
Schleswig-Holstein, Germany 18 June 1766 with their five children,
aboard the ship Die Perle. Caspar was a Catholic and a farmer
from the Electorate of Mainz. Both Caspar and Martha died, along with
three of children, in 1766 or 1767 (after their arrival and before they
could settle in a colony).
Their two eldest children, Katharina and Franz, survived and settled in Leichtling, Saratov, Russia 14 May 1767. At the time, they were living in the household of one Bernhard Eder, a tailor from Vienna, Austria, and his wife Katharina (Walter) Eder. The Eders arrived aboard the same ship and apparently lost their two children during the same time of transition that Caspar and Martha died. There is no indication of any familial relationship between the Stengers and the Eders and, considering the distance between their origins, it is not likely that they were related.
Caspar and Martha's children are:
Stenger, born about 1753 in the Electorate of Mainz,
married Johann Georg Müller, buried 8 July 1812 in
Leichtling, Saratov, Russia.
Husband: Johann Georg Müller, probably b. in Seligenstadt, Hesse, Germany, probably m. 1) Anna Margaretha Franz, bur. 9 Dec 1809 in Leichtling, Saratov, Russia.
|2||Franz Stenger, born
about 1754 in Germany, married -- --, listed as an invalid
and a widower with two young daughters in 1798.
Wife: name unknown, d. bet. 1795 and 1798.
|3||Johann Stenger, born
about 1756 in Germany, died in 1766 or 1767 in Russia.
|4||Maria Stenger, born
about 1760 in Germany, died in 1766 or 1767 in Russia.
born about 1762 in Germany, died in 1766 or 1767 in Russia.
- Pleve, Igor, List of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg, Saratov, Russia: Saratov State Technical University, 2010.
- Pleve, Igor, Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet 1764-1767, Band 3 (Kolonien Laub - Preuss), Göttingen: Nordost-Institut, 2005.
- Mai, Brent Alan, 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture, Volumes 1 and 2, Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999.
- Church records of Semenovka parish from Saratov Province State Archive. Retrieved by Wadim Eichmann and extracted by Michelle Boyd.
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Church records of Semenovka parish
Date: 10ber 9
Name of deceased: Georg Müller
Buried by: J Mayer I.T.
Burial place: Ilavla
Year collection: 1806-07
Burial place: Ilavla
Text: Anno 1812 die 8. Mortua est Catharina Müllerinn ex Phtysi OO. SS. provisa Anno 60 Sepultaqa [? ?]
Name of deceased: Catharina Müller
Year collection: 1811-12
Source: Church records of Semenovka parish from Saratov Province State Archive. Retrieved by Wadim Eichmann and extracted by Michelle Boyd.
List of Colonists to Russia in 1766
18 of June 1766.
Public colonists arrived from Luebeck
by the Luebeck's ship "Die Perle" with the Skipper Thomson
Eder Bernhard, Cath., tailor from Wien, doc. No. 1022, wife: Catharina, children: Johann, 20, Barbara, 10.
Stengel Caspar, Cath., farmer from Mainz, doc. No. 1058, wife: Martha, children: Franz, 12, Johann, 10, Catharina, 15, Maria, 6, Catharina, 4.
Source: Pleve, Igor, List of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg, Saratov, Russia: Saratov State Technical University, 2010.
First Settlers List
(russicher Ortsname: Ilavlja)
gegründet am 14. Mai 1767
36. Eder, Bernhard, 35, kath., Schneider aus Österreich, Wien
Frau: Katharina Walter, 47
in der Kolonie eingetroffen am 14.5.1767
erhalten vom Vormundschaftskontor in Saratov 75 Rbl.
1768 gab es in der Wirtschaft 2 Pfd., gepflügt: 1/2 Des., gesät: 5 Četverik Roggen
36 a. Staiger, Franz, 13, kath.
Schwester: Katharina, 14
leben nach dem Tode ihres Vaters, Kaspar Staiger, im Haushalt von Bernhard Eder
Source: Pleve, Igor, Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet 1764-1767, Band 3 (Kolonien Laub - Preuss), Göttingen: Nordost-Institut, 2005.
Lg12 Johann Georg Müller
Katharina Stenger sp 43
Andreas s 22
Katharina Walter dl 24
Johannes s 16
Mattias s 14
Anna Margaretha d 19
Anna Maria d 11
Katharina d 9
Cunigunde d 6
Anna Katharina d 1/4
Planted - 1796/1797
Rye: 3 chetvert
Wheat: 3 chetvert 4 chetverik
Barley: 1 chetvert 2 chetverik
Oats: 2 chetvert 4 chetverik
Millet: 4 chetverik
Potatoes: 1 chetvert
Harvested - 1797
Rye: 5 chetvert
Wheat: 7 chetvert
Barley: 3 chetvert
Oats: 5 chetvert
Millet: 7 chetvert
Potatoes: 10 chetvert
Maria Dorothea d 7
Cunigunde d 3
Note: Franz's household shows no workers, livestock, fowls, or crops in the 1798 agricultural census.
Source: Mai, Brent Alan, 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture, Volumes 1 and 2, Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999.
Author: Michelle A. Boyd
Last updated 5 January 2022